Differentiation of Bacterial versus Viral Infection in Acute Respiratory Conditions using a Point of Care Assay to detect Human Neutrophil Lipocalin.
Millions of antibiotic prescriptions are written annually in primary care settings around the world and it is estimated that more than 50% of these prescriptions are unnecessary due to a viral source of infection.
Unnecessary antibiotic use has resulted in a global surge in both antibiotic resistance and adverse drug reactions.
Patients who experience ADRs tend to stay in hospital longer and require increased outpatient care thereby burdening health care systems.
In the EU, for example, it is estimated that antibiotic resistance is responsible for > 2 M extra hospital stays and > 25,000 deaths annually which results in an annual economic cost in excess of €1.5Billion.